Access your pets’ health information online.


Why Spay and Neuter?

Each year, 15 million dogs & cats are destroyed or

housed in animal shelters because of overpopulation

Intact (not spayed/neutered) animals have an

increased risk of certain diseases

The heat cycle in canines includes bloody discharge

and the added responsibility of keeping male dogs

away from the female to prevent unwanted pregnancy

Female cats tend to be very vocal when they are in

heat and may exhibit some behavioral changes

The neutered male cat tends to roam less, be less

aggressive and sprays urine much less frequently than an intact male cat

The neutered male dog will also tend to roam less

and be less aggressive towards other dogs. “Marking

territory” also decreases in neutered males

Breeding animals requires a large investment of

time, money and responsibility. It is not something

to be taken lightly.

Health-Related Issues in Intact Pets

Pets that are not spayed or neutered are at risk for potentially life-threatening reproductive system diseases, such as:


Testicular cancer

Increased risk for prostate cancer, inflammation

and/or enlargement

Certain perianal tumors


Canines spayed prior to their first heat cycle have

<0.5% chance of developing mammary cancer in

their lifetime as compared to an 8% chance if spayed

after their second heat cycle

Cats spayed after their second heat cycle are 7 times

more likely to develop mammary cancers than cats

spayed before their first heat cycle

Intact females have the potential to develop pyometra,

an overwhelming infection in the uterus which can

be fatal

Fast Facts About the Procedures

When: Most pets are spayed/neutered between

16-24 weeks of age

How: Pets are placed under general anesthesia. In

males the testicles are removed. The ovaries and

uterus are removed in the female

Spay vs. Neuter: Females are spayed (ovario

hysterectomy) and males are neutered/

castrated (orchiectomy)

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